Region in western Asia Minor (q.v.). Its most important cities included Smyrna, Ephesus, Sardis, and Magnesia (qq.v.). The region was lost to the Turks (q.v.) after the battle of Mantzikert (q.v.), but reoccupied by Alexios I Komnenos after the First Crusade (qq.v.). A long period of peace ensued until early in the reign of Manuel I (q.v.) when Turks wreaked destruction through the region. In 1148 forces of the Second Crusade (q.v.) had to fight Turks while making their way through Lydia. After the battle of Myriokephalon in 1176 there were further Turkish inroads. The conquest of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade (qq.v.) shifted responsibility for Lydia's defense to the Laskarids (q.v.), whose program of fortification brought peace and prosperity to the region until 1261. Thereafter, Palaiologan emperors (qq.v.) failed to protect the region in the face of relentless Ottoman (q.v.) expansion. The important town of Tripolis, which was essential to the defense of the region, was lost ca. 1300. In 1313 Turks from the emirate of Saruhan (qq.v.) captured Lydia's last Byzantine city, Magnesia (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lydia — steht für: weiblicher Vorname, siehe Lydia (Vorname) (110) Lydia, ein Asteroid eine antike Landschaft bzw. Königreich in Kleinasien, siehe Lydien Lydia (Provinz), eine entsprechende römische Provinz Lydia (Bibel), eine Purpurhändlerin, über die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lydia — (Высокие Татры,Словакия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Tatranska Polianka, 06201 Высокие Татры, Сло …   Каталог отелей

  • Lydia — Lydia, LA U.S. Census Designated Place in Louisiana Population (2000): 1079 Housing Units (2000): 411 Land area (2000): 1.710546 sq. miles (4.430294 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.710546 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lydia, LA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Louisiana Population (2000): 1079 Housing Units (2000): 411 Land area (2000): 1.710546 sq. miles (4.430294 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.710546 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lydia — f English: of Greek origin, meaning ‘woman from Lydia’, an area of Asia Minor. It is borne in the Bible by a woman of Thyatira who was converted by St Paul and who entertained him in her house (Acts 16: 14–15, 40). It has enjoyed steady… …   First names dictionary

  • Lydia — Lydia,   Purpurhändlerin aus Thyatira (Lydien); nach Apostelgeschichte 16, 14 f. wurde sie als gottesfürchtige Heidin in Philippi durch Paulus bekehrt. Sie galt als Erstgetaufte Europas. Ihr Haus wurde die Kernzelle der christlichen Gemeinde in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lydia —    Drame psychologique de Julien Duvivier, avec Merle Oberon, Joseph Cotten, Alan Marshall, Edna May Oliver.   Pays: États Unis   Date de sortie: 1941   Durée: 2 h 24    Résumé    Une vieille dame se souvient de ses différents flirts. Metteur en… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Lydia — Lydia1 [lid′ē ə] n. [LL(Ec) < Gr(Ec), orig. fem. of Gr Lydios, Lydian: see Acts 16:14] a feminine name Lydia2 [lid′ē ə] ancient kingdom in W Asia Minor: fl. 7th 6th cent. B.C.; conquered by Persians and absorbed into Persian Empire (6th cent.… …   English World dictionary

  • Lydia — This article is about the ancient kingdom in Anatolia. For other uses, see Lydia (disambiguation). Lydia (Λυδία) Ancient Region of Anatolia Byzantine shops at Sardis …   Wikipedia

  • Lydia — /lid ee euh/, n. 1. an ancient kingdom in W Asia Minor: under Croesus, a wealthy empire including most of Asia Minor. 2. a female given name. * * * I Ancient land, western Anatolia. Located in present day Turkey, it was bounded on the west by the …   Universalium

  • LYDIA — I. LYDIA amica Horatii, cuius in Odis saepe meminit. II. LYDIA purpurae venditrix, quae omnium prima in urbe Philippis Euangelium amplexa est, et Paulum ac Silam hospitio accepit. Act. c. 16. v. 14. III. LYDIA regio Asiae min. Croeso Rege, et… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”